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The Wealth of Nature: Increasing National Wealth and Reducing Risk by Measuring and Managing Natural Capital

The work of the Institute for New Economic Thinking at the Oxford Martin School and the Smith School of Enterprise and the Environment in partnership with the Green Economy Coalition, this report considers the linkages between natural capital and human prosperity. It finds that the erosion of natural capital poses threats to continued national and global prosperity, yet political and economic systems are unprepared for responding to that risk for three reasons.

First, natural capital is not being accurately measured or valued in the context of ecological tipping points and thresholds. Second, aggregate economic models are ill-equipped for seeing the dependencies between ‘capitals’. And third, we lack appropriate political and economic institutions to manage natural capital effectively.

The Wealth of Nature identifies two key opportunities that emerge from these challenges and offers recommendations on accounting and valuation, measurement, economics and governance of natural capital.

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